2011-2012 Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 9: by Ramana S. Moorthy MD

By Ramana S. Moorthy MD

Starts with an in-depth evaluate of immunemedicated eye ailment, summarizing uncomplicated immunologic techniques, ocular immune responses and targeted issues in ocular immunology. Discusses the medical method of uveitis and reports noninfectious (autoimmune) and infectious types of uveitis, with an improved part on viral uveitis and new fabric on infectious and noninfectious scleritis. improved detection of infectious brokers through immunologic and genetic tools and new biologic therapeutics are special. additionally covers endophthalmitis, masquerade syndromes, problems of uveitis and ocular elements of AIDS. includes a variety of new colour pictures. significant revision 2011-2012

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Extra resources for 2011-2012 Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 9: Intraocular Inflammation and Uveitis (Basic & Clinical Science Course)

Sample text

The formation of NO depends on the enzyme nitric oxide synthetase (NOS), which is located in the cytosol and is dependent on NADPH (the reduced form of nicotinamideadenine dinucleotide phosphate). NO is formed from the terminal guanidino-nitrogen atoms of L-arginine. Several types of NOS are known, including several forms of constitutive NOS and an inducible NOS. Many normal cells produce basal levels of NO, which is considered secondary to the calcium-dependent, constitutive form of the enzyme (constitutive NOS, or cNOS).

Especially in the processing and effector phases. offer partial explanation. During the processing phase of the primary response. 000) and then stimulate these cells from a completely resting and naive state. a sequence that requires days. The secondary processing response for T and B lymphocytes is shorter for at least 3 reasons: • Upon removal of antigen. T and B lymphocytes activated during the primary response may gradually return to a resting state. but they retain the capacity to become reactivated within 12-24 hours of antigen exposure.

Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules (ie. HLA-A. -8. and -C) serve as the antigen-presenting platform for CD8 T lymphocytes (Fig 2-2). CD8 T lymphocytes include natural killer T cells and regulatory T cells. Class I molecules are present on almost all nucleated cells. In general. class I APCs are best for processing peptide antigens that have been synthesized by the host cell itself. including most tumor peptides or viral peptides after host cell invasion. MHC class II molecules (ie.

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