A GRAMMAR OF HARO (OMOTIC) WITH COMPARATIVE NOTES ON THE by HIRUT WOLDEMARIAM

By HIRUT WOLDEMARIAM

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Extra info for A GRAMMAR OF HARO (OMOTIC) WITH COMPARATIVE NOTES ON THE OMETO LINGUISTIC GROUP

Sample text

12) és-ó ‘she:ABS’, hánn-o ‘this:FEM:ABS’ yénn-o ‘that:FEM:ABS’. 2). 3. The use of different lexemes Using totally different lexemes for masculine and feminine nouns used to indicate the gender of some animate nouns shown in (13). 4. The use of gender attributives Another commonly used way of specifying gender of animate nouns is using gender-distinguishing attributives. Distinct modifiers are used for animates. Hence, índo ‘mother’ and ádde 'male’ are used for feminine and masculine nouns respectively.

In other words, nominals, either with or without verbal counterparts, are realized with a TV whose function is nominal class marker. This suggests that, TVs are entities that form nominals from bound forms, which do not belong to a specific word category: ROOT-TV = NOUN STEM Synchronically, association of a TV with a noun stem seems arbitrary, unpredictable and only lexically determined. However, in certain cases, the phonological feature of the noun stems seems determining occurrences of a TV in a noun stem.

Before a vocalic initial suffix, they always get lost and before a consonantal suffix, grammatical feature of the affix determines their stability. 2. Grammatical feature of a suffix vs. stability of TVs It has been noted that the grammatical function associated to a suiffx also determines stability of a TV of a noun in Haro. Hence, it is possible to categorize nominal suffixes into two: those triggering deletion of a TV and those, which do not. Peripheral case markers such as for Dative, Instrumental and Ablative cannot trigger deletion of TV –i.

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