By Joseph G. Ponterotto Ph.D.
Robert (Bobby) James Fischer was once one of many international s so much mysterious and intriguing personalities of the center twentieth century. He unmarried handedly ended a 35 12 months span of Russian domination of elite chess while he defeated Boris Spassky for the realm Chess Championship in 1972 in Reykjavik, Iceland. Fischer s dynamic victory ignited in americans a fondness for the sport of chess and a deep satisfaction in being American in the course of the peak of the chilly conflict. the realm is aware the tale of Fischer s ascent to the head of chess genius and brilliance, and it understands of his mental decline into social isolation, paranoia, and sure psychological sickness. Now, for the 1st time, via A Psychobiography of Bobby Fischer: knowing the Genius, secret, and mental Decline of a global Chess Champion, we come to appreciate the interior workings of Fischer s brain the genetic, own, relations, cultural, and political elements that jointly offer a penetrating window into the why of Bobby Fischer s genius and peculiar habit. popular counseling psychologist and writer Dr. Joseph G. Ponterotto deconstructs nearly each point of Fischer s own and occupation lifestyles to sculpt an integrative mental profile of this enigmatic global character. although there were many articles, books, and flicks on Bobby Fischer, this article represents the 1st scholarly mental evaluate of the area s most renowned chess champion. one of the themes addressed within the present quantity are Bobby s early family members atmosphere and his typical highbrow presents that predisposed him to genius in chess. serious to realizing Bobby s character improvement is his courting together with his mom Regina Fischer and his sister Joan Fischer, in addition to his courting to his most probably organic father, Paul Felix Nemenyi. those issues are explored in-depth and the impression of those relationships on Bobby s mental improvement is highlighted. Bobby s later-life inner psychological nation -- his distrust, anger, and hatred of Jews is explored and the origins of this affective kingdom are heavily tested. Dr. Ponterotto additionally offers the 1st, conscientiously and carefully sculpted mental post-mortem of Bobby Fischer hoping on sleek mental review systems. Of curiosity to readers can be an entire bankruptcy evaluating the genius and psychological health and wellbeing demanding situations of the U.S. maximum chess champions who lived a century aside, Paul Morphy and Bobby Fischer. This ebook additionally explores the subject of the superiority of psychological disease between elite chess avid gamers, and gives a serious evaluation of the study at the strength courting among creativity (a hallmark of chess genius) and vulnerability to psychological affliction. ultimately, Dr. Ponterotto outlines counseling and psychotherapy interventions that probably may have helped Bobby all through his lifestyles. although there are lots of biographies at the lifetime of Bobby Fischer, this article represents the 1st scholarly, systematically derived psychobiography of this nice chess champion and enigmatic global character. The e-book comprises 10 content material chapters and choose Tables, Figures, and relatives Genograms, in addition to Appendices delivering vast aspect at the lifetime of Bobby Fischer and kin. eventually, the ebook comprises a few unique family members pictures by no means sooner than released.
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Extra resources for A Psychobiography of Bobby Fischer
I learned about the genre of psychobiography and the goals of a psychological autopsy. As a psychologist (and ethics educator) I was gratifed that Ponterotto was deliberate and transparent in his consideration of the ethical issues and limitations involved with this undertaking, and I appreciated that he frequently reminded the reader about the speculative nature of the diagnostic conclusions he was drawing. Mental health professionals will appreciate the story of Fischer’s inner life that Ponterotto weaves.
From a medical ethics perspective, I received guidance from Dr. , former Chief of Medicine of Saint Francis hospital in San Francisco. Dr. Zachary emphasized, as did my psychologist colleagues, the need to appropriately bracket my psychological assessment, carefully document the sources of my information, and highlight the tentativeness and limitations of any diagnostic assessment. , General Counsel of an international trading company, who read an earlier and much briefer version of this work and reviewed the ethical and legal appropriateness of my psychological assessment.
It appears it takes roughly 10,000 hours of focused effort for the human brain to absorb and integrate the necessary knowledge to become “world class” at some activity (Gladwell, 2008). The brain’s focused concentration on the task in question for so many hours and years can lead to neurobiological changes in brain recognition and processing of information relevant to the specific task. More specifically, in recent neurobiological research using the latest Dramatic Rise and Mysterious Fall of Bobby Fischer 19 rapid eye movement and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) techniques, it was found that experience and knowledge (likely gained through deliberate practice) in chess experts underlie rapid object recognition and possibly leads to different cognitive processes engaging additional brain areas not activated in nonexpert players (Bilalic, Kiesel, Pohl, Erb, & Grodd, 2011).