By Cristiana Barreto (auth.), Cristóbal Gnecco, Carl Langebaek (eds.)
The papers during this booklet query the tyranny of typological considering in archaeology via case stories from a variety of South American nations (Venezuela, Colombia, Bolivia, Argentina, and Brazil) and Antarctica. they target to teach that typologies are unavoidable (they are, in spite of everything, the best way to create networks that provide meanings to symbols) yet that their tyranny might be triumph over in the event that they are used from a serious, heuristic and non-prescriptive stance: severe as the complacent perspective in the direction of their tyranny is changed through a militant stance opposed to it; heuristic simply because they're used as skill to arrive substitute and suggestive interpretations yet no longer as final and convinced destinies; and non-prescriptive simply because rather than utilizing them as threads to stick with they're relatively used as constitutive components of extra advanced and connective materials. The papers integrated within the e-book are different in temporal and locational phrases. They hide from so known as Formative societies in lowland Venezuela to Inca-related ones in Bolivia; from the coastal shell middens of Brazil to the megalithic sculptors of SW Colombia. but, the papers are similar. they've got in universal their shared rejection of validated, naturalized typologies that constrain the way in which archaeologists see, forcing their interpretations into popular and predictable conclusions. Their creative interpretative proposals flee from the safe convenience of venerable typologies, many suspicious as a result of their organization with colonial political narratives. as a substitute, the authors suggest novel methods of facing archaeological data.
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Extra resources for Against Typological Tyranny in Archaeology: A South American Perspective
4 El Cedral archaeological region showing the location of the primary regional centers of El Cedral (C1) and Lomitas Florideas (C11), and the network of causeways. (After Rey 2003) with no settlements between units. This could indicate the presence of a buffer zone or “no man’s land,” which could suggest an autonomous evolution of such units, until one of them joined or appended the other. A preliminary study on the pottery from these regional centers suggests the existence of two phases: one in which each center had a specific style and the other where a common style arose.
Denevan, W. (1976). The aboriginal population of Amazonia. In W. ), The native population of the Americas in 1492 (pp. 205–234). Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. Denevan, W. (1996). A bluff model of riverine settlement in prehistoric Amazonia. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 82(3), 369–385. Dias, O. (1972). Sintese da pré-história do Rio de Janeiro, uma tentativa de periodização. Revista de História, 1(2), 75–83. Social Complexity in Ancient Amerindian Societies 19 Drennan, R.
A. Gassón is not right to characterize the interregional exchange in all cases as decentralized (Gassón 1996, p. 145); as stated by Gnecco (1996, pp. 181–184) for the chiefdoms of southwestern Colombia, the exchange of prestige goods is an expression of societies articulated to the emergence and maintenance of the elite political power. In order to illustrate how these systems and prestige goods were transformed since the colonial encounter, I analyzed the quirípa, a primitive exchange pattern widespread in the Orinoco River (Gassón 2000), which contributed to show the inherent limitations of a synchronic and relativist vision of Orinoquian economic systems and institutions.