AIDS and Rural Livelihoods: Dynamics and Diversity in by Anke Niehof, Gabriel Rugalema, Stuart Gillespie

By Anke Niehof, Gabriel Rugalema, Stuart Gillespie

AIDS epidemics proceed to threaten the livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of individuals in sub-Saharan Africa. 3 a long time after the sickness used to be first famous, the once a year loss of life toll from AIDS exceeds that from wars, famine and floods mixed. but regardless of hundreds of thousands of greenbacks of relief and study, there has formerly been little designated on-the-ground research of the multifaceted affects on rural humans. Filling that hole, this publication brings jointly fresh proof of AIDS affects on rural families, livelihoods, and agricultural perform in sub-Saharan Africa. there's specific emphasis at the function of girls in affected families, and at the scenario of kids. The booklet is exclusive in featuring micro-level info amassed through unique empirical study in more than a few African international locations, and displaying how well-grounded conclusions on traits, affects and native responses might be utilized to the layout of HIV-responsive regulations and programmes. AIDS affects are extra various than we formerly inspiration, and native responses extra various - occasionally cutting edge, occasionally determined. The publication represents an important contribution to our knowing of the affects of AIDS within the epidemic's heartland, and the way those should be controlled at diverse degrees.

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Additional info for AIDS and Rural Livelihoods: Dynamics and Diversity in sub-Saharan Africa

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The story at the beginning of this chapter, illustrates this mixed picture. The family of the three sisters, Rose, Regina and Teddy, was undoubtedly severely affected by HIV; two children lost their mother, father and aunt in a short space of time. However, while the impact of sickness and death took its toll on those left behind and affected cultivation in the medium term, in the long term the family managed to keep their land and pass it on to a new generation to cultivate. Land size in our study area has declined slightly over time, but population growth is likely to be the reason for this since a fixed quantity of land has to be shared between a growing population and thus more children.

In Uganda’, Journal of General Virology, vol 89, pp1759– 1769 Sserunkuuma, D. , Mwaluko, G. and Zaba, B. (2001) ‘The impact of HIV/AIDS on mortality and household mobility in rural Tanzania’, AIDS, vol 15, no 15, pp2017–2023 WHO/UNAIDS/UNICEF (2009) Towards Universal Access: Scaling Up Priority HIV/AIDS Interventions in the Health Sector. Progress Report WHO/UNAIDS/UNICEF, Geneva and Paris. Yamano, T. S. (2003) ‘Measuring the impacts of working-age adult mortality on small scale farm households in Kenya’, World Development, vol 32, no 1, pp91–119 Chapter 3 Resilience and (dis)continuity in households afflicted by AIDS: Some preliminary insights from a longitudinal case study analysis Gabriel Rugalema, Kirsten Mathieson and Joseph Ssentongo Introduction With the publication of the 2009 Global Epidemiological Report on HIV and AIDS, the World Health Organisation (WHO) and UNAIDS have confirmed that the epidemic is finally in decline.

Maize has become more widely cultivated, rising from about 60 per cent of households in the early 1990s to approximately 80 per cent in the mid-2000s. 6 Cultivation of coffee by HIV status of the household By 2007, it was the most widely cultivated crop among all income groups, although this appears not to have become a preferred crop of the better off households until recently. Beans were the second most widely cultivated crop, with 70–80 per cent of households cultivating beans, regardless of HIV status or socio-economic status.

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