An Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology by Alain Nouailhat

By Alain Nouailhat

This e-book remembers the fundamentals required for an realizing of the nanoworld (quantum physics, molecular biology, micro and nanoelectronics) and offers examples of purposes in a variety of fields: fabrics, strength, units, facts administration and lifestyles sciences. it truly is essentially proven how the nanoworld is on the crossing aspect of data and innovation. Written via knowledgeable who spent a wide a part of his expert lifestyles within the box, the name additionally supplies a normal perception into the evolution of nanosciences and nanotechnologies. The reader is therefore supplied with an advent to this advanced quarter with various “tracks” for additional own comprehension and mirrored image. This guided and illustrated travel additionally finds the significance of the nanoworld in way of life.

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An Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

This publication remembers the fundamentals required for an realizing of the nanoworld (quantum physics, molecular biology, micro and nanoelectronics) and offers examples of purposes in quite a few fields: fabrics, strength, units, facts administration and existence sciences. it really is in actual fact proven how the nanoworld is on the crossing element of data and innovation.

Extra resources for An Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Example text

2. Two approaches It seems that the level of knowledge and technical know-how has never been as advanced. This in turn allows for the manufacture of intelligent objects which result from the merging of two approaches: – top-down, which enables us to control the manufacture of smaller, more complex objects, as illustrated by micro and nanoelectronics; – bottom-up, which enables us to control the manufacture of atoms and molecules, as illustrated by supramolecular chemistry. The traditional world has come together with the quantum world.

Other types of bonds exist based on electrostatic interactions; in particular the bond that is associated with the presence of hydrogen. These are very useful for carrying out reversible fixing like the adhesive on Post-its. In large organic molecular edifices we find these structures mixing with strongly bonded parts (covalent bonds), joined together by easy to remove fasteners (hydrogen bonds), ensuring the robustness and suppleness of the dynamic world of living organisms. These strong and weak bonds are found in nature.

B) Physics. Light is made up of energy photons E = hQ While E < Eg (Eg being the electron bond in the metal), the electrons will not reach the necessary energy level to break the vacuum in order to be able to escape. While E > Eg, the electrons are emitted by the surface. 3. Molecules From atoms to molecular self-assembly, we are witnessing the continual emergence of new properties. The most complex edifices, ie molecules, are organized by the grouping together of atoms. It is the properties of these molecules that give us the world in which we evolve.

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