An Outline of Psychology as Applied to Medicine by John Weinman

By John Weinman

* completely revised to mirror the key advancements within the box of psychology as utilized to medication and the emergence of 'health psychology' as a considerable speciality * New themes were additional together with sections on counselling, cognitive ways to therapy * The references within the textual content and for extra examining were up-to-date and revised * a large yet short evaluate of psychology as utilized to medication * presents a place to begin & framework for clinical scholars

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Many physiological and metabolic functions in humans show a well-defined 24-hour periodicity, which appears to be consistent and intrinsic since it remains when environmental conditions are radically changed. It is thought that these 24-hour cycles are kept finely adjusted by environmental cues such as light/dark changes. However, these environmental cues do not appear to be critical in controlling circadian rhythms because they persist when the cues are removed or altered. This has been found in studies of volunteers in caves or special experimental laboratories, where no external light can be seen and where clocks, radios and any other indicators of time of day or night are not available.

33 Brain m e c h a n i s m s a n d b e h a v i o u r We now know that neural activity in the sensory cortex does not just mirror reception activity, nor is the motor cortex the keyboard of the mind. Furthermore we know that association takes place both in animals with little or no association cortex and in animals in which the normal complement of association cortex has been surgically removed. (Masterton and Berkeley, 1974) Following the account of cortical functions, there is a brief outline of the behavioural functions of selected subcortical areas.

1 . Arousal A central concept which runs through this and the next chapter is that of 'arousal', which is a fairly difficult one to define because it can be described in a number of ways. In general behavioural terms, the level of arousal corresponds with the level of alertness of the individual and can be anything from drowsiness through to states of intense mental activation. It therefore refers to a continuum of behavioural and underlying physiological states which range from total stupor to hypermania.

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