Arabic: An Essential Grammar by Faruk Abu-Chacra

By Faruk Abu-Chacra

Arabic: an important Grammar is an updated and useful reference advisor to crucial points of the language. appropriate for newbies, in addition to intermediate scholars, this ebook bargains a robust beginning for studying the basic grammar and constitution of Arabic.

The complexities of the language are set out briefly, readable sections, and routines and examples are supplied all through. The e-book is perfect for self sustaining novices in addition to for lecture room study.

Features of this publication include:

- assurance of the Arabic script and alphabet
- a bankruptcy on Arabic handwriting
- a advisor to pronunciation
- complete examples all through.

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Extra resources for Arabic: An Essential Grammar

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36 2 ‫ﺐ‬ ٌ ‫ﻃﺎِﻟ‬ َ ‫َأَﺗﻰ‬ 1 (24) ata¯ ta¯ libun g˘ adı-dun. ˙ 2 A new student 1has come. ‫ﺐ‬ ٌ ‫ﺻـْﻌـ‬ َ 2 ‫ﻫَﺬا َأْﻣـٌﺮ‬ ‫ا‬ 1 Definite article, nominal and verbal sentences, adjectives (25) ha¯ da¯ amrun sa bun. ¯ ˙ This (is) 2a difficult 1matter. ‫ﻌﻴٌﺪ‬ ِ ‫ﻄﺎُر َﺑ‬ َ ‫َأْﻟـَﻤ‬ 1 (26) al-mata¯ ru ba -ıdun. ˙ 1 The airport (is) far away. ‫ع‬ ٌ ‫ح ﻟـِﻜْﻦ ﺬِﻟَﻚ َﻣْﻤُﻨﻮ‬ ٌ ‫ﺴُﻤﻮ‬ ْ ‫َﻣ‬ ‫ﻫَﺬا‬ ‫ا‬ (27) ha¯ da¯ masmu¯hun la¯ kin da¯ lika mamnu¯ un. ¯ ˙ ¯ This (is) 1allowed 2but that (is) 3forbidden/prohibited.

In German, beobachten ‘to consider’, is pronounced as /be obachten/. Vereisen, ‘to freeze, be frozen’, is pronounced as /fer aizen/, but the word verreisen, meaning ‘to travel away’ has no glottal stop. Iss auch ein Ei! /. Note: Hamzah ‫ ء‬/ / should not be confused with the completely different letter ayn ‫ ع‬/ / in either pronunciation or transliteration. 3 complicated and are therefore dealt with in more detail in chapter 20. 4 mainly written on the letters ‫أ‬, ‫ ؤ‬and ‫( ئ‬without dots), and these three Hamzah (hamzatu l-qat i) and the ˙maddah sign letters are called seats or chairs for the hamzah.

Is used more frequently in Arabic than in English. g. ‫َأْﻟِﻌْﻠُﻢ‬ al- ilmu, science ٌ ‫ﺣَﻴَﻮاَﻧﺎ‬ ‫ت‬ َ ‫ب‬ ُ ‫ﻼ‬ َ ‫َأْﻟِﻜ‬ al-kila¯ bu hayawa¯ na¯ tun. Dogs are animals. 5 Nominal and verbal sentences There are two types of Arabic sentence: nominal sentences ‫ﻤّﻴٌَﺔ‬ ِ ‫ﺳ‬ ْ g˘ umlatun ismiyyatun, and verbal sentences ُ ‫ﺟْﻤَﻠٌﺔ ِﻓْﻌِﻠ َّﻴٌﺔ‬ ‫ﺟْﻤَﻠٌﺔ‬ ُ g˘ umlatun fi liyyatun. 6 A nominal sentence does not contain a verb and consists of two components: subject and predicate. The subject is usually a noun (phrase) or pronoun in the nominative case.

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