Aspects of negation in English (thesis) by Kahrel.

By Kahrel.

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Sample text

Deals with some additional issues connected with the realization of indefiniteness. e. e. e. e. e. a negative existential construction The distinction between types  and  is minor in that there is only a morphological difference in the indefinite term.  The actual realizations of each of these types will be presented in detail in the course of the chapter. But to provide an immediate idea of the above typological distinctions, here are examples of each type in pseudo-English: . . . . .

E. e. e. a negative existential construction The distinction between types  and  is minor in that there is only a morphological difference in the indefinite term.  The actual realizations of each of these types will be presented in detail in the course of the chapter. But to provide an immediate idea of the above typological distinctions, here are examples of each type in pseudo-English: . . . . . John not bought something John not bought anything John bought nothing John not bought nothing There is nothing that John bought For the last type, the existential construction, the pseudo-English sounds Outline of the typology  rather strange.

Two languages in which more than one negative element is used are Ma arayi and Chukchi. Here is a Ma arayi example:  Typology of term negation () Ma arayi (Merlan : ) iñjag iñja ø-ni a-m. ’ It is not the case that iñjag is used for local negation (such as negation of an , as in Not John came, but James), and the affix -m for predication negation: iñjag is used for predication negation as well. Example (), then, contains two negative elements, something not catered for in the proposed typology.

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